A life full of hurry and increasing competition is robbing people of peace of mind and a good night’s sleep. This directly affects the mental health of people. From children to youth to aged people – all are becoming victims of mental illness. Mental stress, insomnia, hysteria, depression, etc. complains are increasing. According to a survey, 15-20 per cent of the total population is suffering from mental illnesses. Of these, 10-15 per cent people need special medical attention. Children are also not left untouched by this. Of the children in the age group of 5-15 years, 5-25 per cent are assumed to be in the grasp of mental problems.
According to mental health expert, Prof. C.K. Rastogi, problems such as mental stress, insomnia and depression are on the increase these days. While stress has become a common thing nowadays, consistent stress can become the cause of many other diseases. According to Dr. Rastogi, stress that stays for a long period of time has a very harmful effect on the body. This leads to persistent headache, sleeplessness and loss of appetite. There is a gradual weight loss. Women may have complaints of irregular periods. This stress can lead to diseases such as peptic ulcer or build-up of acidity in the stomach, asthma or high blood pressure, anxiety or hysteria. Sometimes, to get relief from stress, people start taking intoxicating substances and gradually become addicted to them and it becomes very difficult to let go of these.
With regard to depression, Dr. Rastogi says this can affect both males and females of any age, however it is mainly seen after 40-45 years of age. Mental stress arising out of various reasons may be the cause for this. The patient, without any reason, feels very sad, helpless, and lonely. Along with this, he shows symptoms such as headache, dizziness, loss of appetite and weakness. There are also instances when people affected by this have attempted to commit suicide. Giving information on another disease, hysteria, Dr Rastogi says this mainly occurs in women and erupts suddenly during time of mental stress. The patient may have problem in speaking or swallowing. After some time, the patient may stop seeing with her eyes or may stop hearing with her ears. Breathing becomes rapid and the body starts shivering. She starts behaving as if possessed by ghosts or spirits. As no illness shows when the patient is examined, many-a-times people feel that she is merely acting but this is not so. About protection from mental stress, Dr Rastogi said that to whatever extent it is possible, one should avoid the causes that lead to mental stress. It is to be mentioned that exercise, yoga and meditation have been found to be most helpful in protecting oneself from mental stress.
Every seventh male and every fourth female is a victim to depression. This disease has grown because of mental stress. Every year, on 10th October, World Mental Health day is celebrated. This year, the World Health Organization has given the slogan of ‘There is no health without mental health’. Psychiatrist Dr. Vipul Singh says that two things should be kept in mind for mental health. First is balance between work and rest, and the second is one should always find time to do something that gives pleasure or something that one has an interest in.
World Health Organization is urging a lot of attention to be given to mental health as this problem is rapidly increasing. According to estimates, by 2020, this will be the main disease after heart disease. He said that in a day of 24 hours, 7-8 hours of sleep is very necessary. Along with this, there should be balanced diet and regular exercise. It is seen that those people who do not get their proper quota of sleep get irritated all the time. One should definitely take out time to do something of interest so that one feels happy. Even after all these precautions if someone is still affected by mental problems, then they should consult a doctor. The problem of depression is fast increasing.
The Pranayam package being promoted by Swami Ramdev is proving to be most beneficial. Now people have started to cure diseases with the help of Yoga